Factors Influencing the Test Level of Anti-pilling of Fabrics
1.1 Service conditions impact
The degree of clothing and washing also affects the fuzzing and pilling of the fabric. Generally speaking, the greater the frictional force experienced by the fabric in the state of being worn, and the greater the number of frictions, the more serious the fuzzing and pilling. During the washing process, there is mutual and continuous friction between clothing and clothing, between clothing and the wall of the washing container. Friction will cause the surface of the fabric to fluff, and cause some fibers to wear and pull out. In addition, the fibers of some fabrics swell after being soaked and washed, which makes the yarns fluffy and causes the fiber ends to be exposed on the surface of the fabric, thereby increasing the degree of pilling of the fabric during dry rubbing.
1.2 Impact of test standards
At present, commonly used anti-pilling test methods include circular trajectory method, martindale abrasion test method, pilling box test method and random tumble pilling test method. Due to the different test methods, there are differences between the test results. For textile export companies, facing the different standards of trading countries, in terms of testing anti-pilling, they should choose the corresponding test method according to the use of the product and the requirements of the customer. Customers have higher and higher requirements for fabrics. Testers should learn from many foreign test standards, pay attention to the test standards required by the target, market, and exporting country in the trade contract, and conduct tests and ratings in strict accordance with their requirements, avoiding the lack of understanding of the standards. Affect production and sales, thereby causing losses to customers and the company.
The phenomenon of fuzzing and pilling has a great influence on the wearability of fabrics. However, there are many factors that affect the anti-pilling performance. Some solutions proposed in this article mainly start from the dyeing and finishing process. In the dyeing and finishing process, according to the style and characteristics of the product and the requirements of the anti-pilling grade, select the appropriate pre-treatment and dyeing process to determine the type and dosage of the anti-pilling agent; in terms of testing, different standards are adopted The test methods are different, resulting in different anti-pilling grade results. Testers should master many domestic and foreign test standards, and select suitable test standards for testing and rating according to customer requirements.