During the 1960s and 1970s in the United States, a massive environmental protection movement took place. Since then, people in the public have begun to pay more attention to the relationship between the environment and enterprises, and the academic community has also launched various studies. Compared with foreign countries, my country started to learn about the environment and corporate relations relatively late. With the development of my country’s product export trade, the gradual improvement of laws and the intensification of conflicts between the environment and production in recent years, Chinese scholars have begun to pay attention to this issue. And discuss it. Some scholars feel that the impact of environmental regulations on enterprises is negative and will reduce the profitability of enterprises. For example, Sancho, Tadeo u0026 Martinez (2000) made an empirical study based on the efficiency index of Spanish furniture manufacturing and wood products, and the result obtained is that environmental regulations have a negative effect on the production efficiency of the industry . Shadbegian u0026 Gray (2005) used empirical analysis on the sample data of the steel, oil and paper industries in the United States from 1979 to 1990, and found that the intensity of environmental regulations was negatively correlated with industrial productivity, indicating that environmental regulations had a negative impact on the industry [3 ]. Yao Lei and Ning Jun (2013) used the econometric model to conduct empirical research and obtained similar conclusions. The export trade volume of textile and clothing will shrink with the strengthening of environmental regulations . Some scholars believe that environmental regulations will have a positive impact on enterprises, promote the development of enterprises and enable them to get a better growth environment. For example, Mitsutsugu (2006) replaced environmental regulation costs and technological innovation with pollution control expenditures and Ru0026D investment, respectively. Through empirical research, it was found that Japan’s pollution control expenditures in high-polluting industries in the 1960s and 1970s were positively correlated with corporate technological innovations[5 ]. Zhao Yuhuan (2009) used empirical analysis methods and found that my country’s textile exports are significantly positively correlated with changes in the environmental costs of the textile industry
. The strengthening of environmental regulations will help increase my country’s textile exports . Li Xiaoping, Lu Xianxiang, etc. (2012) conducted an empirical analysis on the data of 30 industrial industries in my country from 1998 to 2008, and concluded that the intensity of environmental regulations in industrial industries can enhance the comparative advantage of industrial trade . Other scholars believe that there is an influence between the two, but the form of influence is more complicated. For example, when Lanoie, Patry u0026 Lajeunesse (2001) studied the impact of environmental regulations on the total factor productivity of enterprises, they divided enterprises into two categories: those facing strong competition and those facing weak competition. The results showed that the stronger the competition faced by enterprises, the greater the impact of environmental regulations on the total factor productivity of enterprises. The positive impact of factor productivity becomes more significant . Zhang Qian (2011) conducted an empirical analysis and concluded that the intensity of environmental protection is negatively correlated with the revealed comparative advantage index and MI index of my country’s textile and apparel industry, and is positively correlated with the industry’s international market share and trade competition index. It shows that environmental protection has both negative and positive effects on the international competitiveness of industries . Zhang Cheng, Lu Yang et al. (2011) used panel data to study the model constructed between the intensity of environmental regulations and the progress of enterprise production technology in the industrial sectors of 30 provinces in China during 1998-2007. , The enterprise’s production technology progress rate was weakened under the weaker environmental regulation intensity at the beginning, but gradually increased with the increase of the environmental regulation intensity, that is, there is a 'U'-shaped relationship between the two, while in the western region There has not yet been a statistically significant 'U'-shaped relationship between the two . Some scholars believe that the impact between the two is still unclear. For example, Busse (2004) used the degree of participation in international coordination and environmental management as substitute variables for the intensity of environmental regulation in the HOV model. After analyzing the data of 119 countries in 2001, they found that in addition to the iron and steel industry, relatively high Environmental regulatory standards have not led to a reduction in the international competitiveness of high-polluting industries, and the same is true for the textile industry . Fu Jingyan (2006) carefully analyzed the various factors that affect the relationship between the environment and competitiveness, and compared the impact of environmental cost internalization on the international competitiveness of some industries, and found that it is impossible to judge the impact of environmental regulations on industrial competitiveness. . Guo Hongyan, Liu Minquan, etc. (2011) found that the impact of environmental regulations on international competitiveness cannot be determined. Environmental regulations will affect the economy through a variety of factors and channels. The combination of these effects can show the impact of environmental regulations on international competitiveness. The final impact . Obviously, scholars from various countries are paying great attention to the relationship between environmental regulations and corporate trade. Through careful and rigorous research, they can be roughly divided into four points of view: First, the former has a negative impact on the latter, and the increase in corporate environmental requirements will increase production. Costs reduce profits at the same time; second, the former has a positive impact on the latter, and environmental regulatory measures can promote the growth and prosperity of corporate trade; third, there is a connection between the two, but their impact methods are not consistent; fourth is the relationship between the two Not sure yet. Many scholars have conducted in-depth analysis on the impact of environmental regulations on the international competitiveness of enterprises and export trade, but the research that specifically analyzes the impact of environmental regulations in the textile industry on enterprises is relatively rare.textile testing equipment
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