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Environmental protection taxes will be levied immediately, and air pollutants account for the majority.

by:GESTER Instruments     2021-04-26
The Environmental Protection Tax Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the Environmental Protection Tax Law) will come into effect on January 1, 2018. According to this law, taxable air pollutants range from 1.2 yuan to 12 yuan per pollution equivalent, and the tax range for water pollutants ranges from 1.4 yuan to 14 yuan per pollution equivalent. The specific tax amount can be determined by each locality within the statutory tax amount. The levy of environmental protection tax is less than one month away from the levy of environmental protection tax. All regions are actively using legal authorization to effectively refine environmental protection tax policies and adjust tax rates in accordance with their respective environmental carrying capacity, pollutant discharge status, and economic, social and ecological development goals. Experts remind that after various localities adopt different policies, they should avoid possible tax competition and shifting of tax burden between regions. Which companies will levy environmental protection taxes? The environmental protection tax covers most of the manufacturing industries and some of the more polluting processing industries, involving more than 5 million enterprises of various types. Involved: thermal power, steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum, coal, metallurgy, building materials, brewing, textiles, tanning, fermentation, electroplating, printing and dyeing, papermaking, food processing, chemical, pharmaceutical and other polluting industries. Which companies will levy environmental protection taxes? According to industry forecasts, among the atmospheric pollutants, the environmental protection taxes paid by five industries including ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, non-metallic mineral products industry, non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, chemical industry, electric power, heat production and supply industry, etc. , Accounting for 88% of all air pollutant environmental protection tax revenue. Among the water pollutants, the environmental protection taxes paid by 8 industries, including chemical industry, papermaking, medicine, textile industry, ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, agricultural and sideline food processing industry, fermentation and brewing, and tanning, will account for 80%. Air pollution will account for the bulk of the four major pollutants. Atmospheric pollutants will account for the bulk. According to the draft taxation standards, the State Administration of Taxation based on air pollutant and water pollutant emission forecasts, assuming a 100% levy rate, environmental protection tax revenue is about 45.655 billion yuan; when the 80% levy rate, environmental protection tax revenue is about 36.524 billion yuan. Among them, about 90% are from air pollutants, and about 10% are from water pollutants. How can air pollution account for the majority of enterprises to reduce air pollution? Hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers, esters, etc. are common in air pollution. Gas station, decoration, catering, dry cleaning, spraying, chemical and other production, the treatment technology system is complex, involving more than a dozen technologies and combination of technologies, generally a management company can only master one technology to several technologies, currently commonly used methods are: : Condensation recovery method, absorption method, direct combustion method, catalytic combustion method, adsorption method. Here is an introduction to the adsorption method. How companies can reduce air pollution. The adsorption method uses activated carbon fiber (ACF) as an absorbent to treat exhaust gas containing organic solvents (VOC) discharged from various factories or equipment, and convert the VOC into liquid for separation and recycling Reuse. Standard Group uses activated carbon fiber as the adsorbent to undertake the design, processing and manufacturing business of VOC exhaust gas adsorption and recovery equipment. The equipment process is as follows. Activated carbon fiber adsorption and recovery equipment Figure 1. Pretreatment-adsorption: organic waste gas (fans are required if necessary Pressurized or induced air) and then enter the adsorber after pretreatment, the organic components in the exhaust gas are adsorbed when they penetrate the activated carbon bed, and the adsorbed and purified gas is discharged from the top of the adsorber. 2. Desorption-condensation recovery : Using water vapor as the desorption agent, the desorption steam enters from the top of the adsorber, the activated carbon bed is heated to desorb the organic components, and then the mixture of steam, desorbed organic components and non-condensable gas is condensed by the condenser. After gas-liquid separation, the condensate enters the stratification tank or intermediate storage tank, and can be separated by gravity sedimentation to achieve the purpose of recovering organic matter. It can be separated by the stratification tank, and the organic layer enters the intermediate storage tank, and the separated water is discharged. The sewage system is discharged after centralized treatment; the organic components dissolved in water need to be rectified and refined from the intermediate storage tank to the rectification device. The non-condensable gas still contains high-concentration organic components and needs to be returned to the pretreatment device before entering again Adsorber adsorption. 3. Drying and cooling: After steam desorption, the adsorbent's water content and temperature are high and it is not suitable for adsorption. Fans are required to purge and cool the adsorbent to regenerate the adsorbent. 4. PLC control system controls the adsorption tank/adsorber Take turns to switch the above process actions. How do companies file tax returns and how to calculate taxes and fees?
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