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The purchase management of scientific research instruments and reagents in my country needs to be improved

by:GESTER Instruments     2021-05-02
With the development of science and technology, the demand for scientific research equipment and reagents is increasing. According to the survey, many laboratories are very scarce, especially in universities in the central and western regions, where cutting-edge scientific research project data can only be obtained outside for testing. University laboratories are not equipped with large-scale testing instruments, let alone scientific research reagents. Purchase, lack of scientific research equipment is one of the important reasons restricting their development.   This year's government work report puts forward that it is necessary to fully respect and trust scientific research personnel, and give innovative teams and leading talents greater control over people, property, and technical routes. Lu Youming, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, dean of the School of Basic Medicine of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, and deputy dean of Tongji Medical College, believes that my country’s Ru0026D expenditure is second only to the United States, and the Ru0026D expenditure intensity reaches 2.12%, but the level of scientific research management, especially scientific research There are still many shortcomings in the instrument and reagent purchase system, which need to be supplemented urgently.   Committee member Lu Youming pointed out that my country currently has many shortcomings in the purchase of scientific research instruments and reagents:    First, the management authority of scientific research funds is scattered.   The funding channels used by universities to purchase scientific research equipment mainly include self-raised funds, national special projects, and various funds. Project funds from different sources are managed and distributed by different departments, and schools cannot make overall plans, which makes it more difficult to make a scientific and reasonable procurement plan.   The second is that the funding cycle is long and the time for use is short. So far, a total of 56 universities in mainland China have won bids for scientific research equipment and equipment, and the cumulative amount has reached a staggering 198.3 million yuan. Among them, the largest purchasers are mainly double-class universities in Hebei, Anhui, and Shandong. Only Hebei University is one university. It reached the purchase amount of 26.18 million yuan. So far, the total amount of winning bids for scientific research instrument projects in double first-class universities has reached more than 700 million yuan, and the number of winning bids has exceeded 250. These large-scale scientific research equipment purchases are mainly due to the corresponding policies and supporting measures issued by various provinces to support the talent training, equipment purchase and infrastructure transformation of various universities. Judging from the annual purchasing list of scientific research instruments of scientific research institutions in universities, spectrometers, microscopes, centrifuges, PCR machines, and incubators rank among the top 5 in the purchasing demand list of universities; among them, there are various types of biological microscopes, laser scanning confocal microscopes, etc. The demand for microscopes is increasing. Among various spectroscopic instruments such as Raman, Fourier transform infrared, and atomic fluorescence, the purchase demand for UV-Vis spectrophotometers is far ahead. It seems that the demand for scientific research instruments and equipment in universities is not small.  The annual scientific research funding is allocated in September each year, and the implementation must be completed in December of the same year. The user cannot complete the procurement work of complex procedures such as formulating procurement plans, preparing procurement budgets, purchasing demonstrations, writing technical tenders, bidding procurement, and signing contracts. At the same time, relevant departments require that a list of scientific research instruments purchased for the next year of more than 2 million yuan be reported every year. This easily led to the failure to purchase scientific research instruments that were urgently needed. The backward management system has caused serious wastes such as the inability to use money, the lack of money to buy equipment, and the unavailability of scientific research funds.   The third is that imported scientific research reagents take a long time to purchase, are of poor quality and are expensive. At present, more than 85% of scientific research reagents used in universities and scientific research institutes rely on imports. The imported scientific research reagents purchased are mainly from nearly 480 reagent companies of different sizes throughout the country. The procurement time period is too long, generally exceeding 45 days. General scientific research reagents need to be used within a week, which cannot meet the needs of scientific research. Many intermediary companies lack the ability to transport reagents for scientific research, resulting in damage to the reagents during the transportation process. At the same time, the average price of imported reagents has increased by more than twice the average export price of foreign manufacturers, which seriously wastes scientific research funds.   In order to improve the purchase and management of scientific research instruments and reagents, member Lu Youming made suggestions. The first is to coordinate management and establish an internal control system. The finance department and the education department coordinate the overall management of the use of scientific research funds, optimize the allocation of resources, and improve the efficiency of fund use. The administrative management department establishes a sense of service and establishes internal control systems, such as the 'one-off notification system' and 'time-limited settlement system.' The second is to extend the time limit for using funds. Relevant departments should cancel the management system that reports every year the list of scientific research instruments purchased over 2 million yuan in the next year. The budget has been prepared in the early stage, and the ongoing procurement work should reserve a quota of financial funds and extend the use time limit to ensure that the purchased equipment can be paid normally. Third, for the import of scientific research reagents by universities and colleges, consideration can be given to policies such as speeding up customs clearance and tax reduction and exemption.
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